Phthalates are frequently used as plasticizers, but due to health concerns the permissible content of phthalates, in consumer products, is being regulated.
In 2008, the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA) mandated limits on the permissible content of phthalates in certain consumer products. We are an approved Consumer Product Safety Commission third-party testing lab. We can determine the specific phthalates that are incorporated into a product, and the concentration of each component, by using Gas Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS).
The supplied product is typically extracted with a solvent and the extraction solvent becomes the analytical sample.
Typically, Gas Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) is the method used to separate complex mixtures of polymer additives, provide identification of the individual plasticizer chemicals, and the concentration of each.
We routinely test products for the six phthalates specifically mentioned in Section 108 of the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008. The following are the phthalates regulated by the CPSIA:
We are able to test for other phthalates in addition to those listed above.
We have also used Environmental Stress Cracking (ESC) experiments to determine if phthalates were the reason for product failure. ESC experiements often use Optical Microscopy (OM) or Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Watch this video to see a time lapse experiment of phthalates on CPVC pipe.
The sample size required for the phthalates analysis is in the range of 1 to 5 grams.
The GC/MS method has very high sensitivity and the intentional incorporation of phthalates into a product is usually in the 1 to 30 percent range.
Contact us to talk through your specific phthalates analysis needs and associated sample considerations.
We have analyzed phthalate plasticizers, and various other types of plasticizers, for many different types of products. The following are examples of products on which we have conducted phthalates analysis: